It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. People who wanted to buy state-owned land in Finnmark had to prove they could speak Norwegian before they were allowed to settle. Reindeer are often served as finnebiff, thin slices in a cream sauce. [citation needed]. Apart from this, there is great variation in sound system, grammar and vocabulary. Even if winter temperatures depends largely on the distance to the sea, the length of the season varies mostly with latitude (and altitude): The summer (days/year with 24-hr average 10 °C (50 °F) or more) lasts on average 108 days in Brønnøysund, 90 in Bodø,[25] 85 days in eastern Lofoten[26] and Narvik, 75 days at the inland valleys of Bardufoss[27] and Alta, about 65 days in Tromsø and Kirkenes, 50 in Hammerfest[28] and 0 in Vardø. The Finnish spoken in western regions, from Storfjord to Porsanger, is quite distinct, although comprehensible for people from Finland. E6 which started from Kirkens (near border town with Russia Federation) is the longest road in Norway almost passing all major cities in Norway. The Lyngen Alps are the highest mountains of the area, rising to 1,833 metres (6,014 ft), an area of glaciers and waterfalls. Bodø was founded in 1816, and Vadsø in 1833. The landscape towards the Russian border is comparatively flat. The freight trains from Oslo to Narvik has the majority of the amount. Created by Ken-Hugo Pedersen | Updated 8/30/2018. Countries With The Largest Budget Surplus, 10 Oldest National Parks In The United States, The Deadliest Earthquakes Of The 21st Century. The mid-winter darkness is not totally dark on the mainland; there is twilight for about three hours around noon in Tromsø. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Northern Norway, Norway on Tripadvisor: See 72,629 traveller reviews and photos of Northern Norway tourist attractions. Today the rock carvings at Hjemmeluft in Alta or at Leknes in Nordland are among the remainders of the Stone Age cultures, showing reindeer swimming across the fjords. The inland is covered with dense spruce forests and mountains near the Swedish border; some of the biggest rivers in the region are the Vefsna and the Ranelva. Norway shares land borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia in the east and an extensive coastline facing the North Atlantic Ocean on the west. By 1150, Lenvik Church was the northernmost church in Norway. The southernmost part, roughly the part south of the Arctic Circle, is called Helgeland. Here there is a multitude of islands and skerries on the outside of the coastal range, some flat, some with impressive shapes, like Mount Torghatten, which has a hole through it, and the Seven Sisters near Sandnessjøen. As most of the region lies above the Arctic Circle, Northern Norway is blessed with twenty-four hours of sunlight i… You can customize the wave and wind maps with overlays for wind arrows, pressure and general weather for surfing. Significant rivers include the Glama, the country's longest, and the Dramselva, Lagen (two of them) and the Tana in the far north. Particularly after Norwegian independence (from Sweden) in 1905, the Norwegian authorities were insistent that all should speak Norwegian only and schools became active tools of assimilation. In the Viking age, several chieftains along the coast played a significant role in Norwegian history, usually resisting unification of Norway. From the mainland side it looks very barren, but behind the violet-black peaks there are also flatlands with good grazing for sheep, partially on soil made from seaweed. 4.9. Encompassing almost half of the country’s wild and rugged coastline, Northern Norwayis undoubtedly one of the most beautiful regions in Norway if not the world. It also etched-out deep valleys that then filled with seawater forming Norway's fjords. The blank outline map above is of Norway, a highly mountainous country in Northern Europe on the western half of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}69°40′N 19°0′E / 69.667°N 19.000°E / 69.667; 19.000, Maritime to continental subarctic climate, "Spruce timber from Bjerkvik, Narvik municipality", Statistics Norway – Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. Lately, the off-shore gas field of Snøhvit, off Hammerfest, has brought hopes of new development in the north. Hurtigruten – "The World’s Most Beautiful Sea Voyage". In 1906, the iron mines in Kirkenes opened. Tromsø is located in northern Norway, with the majority of the city located on the island of Tromsøya. The result was a significant effort by the authorities to promote Sami language and culture. The oldest known historical culture in the region is called Komsa, named after a mountain in Alta. However, when processed into "Barents ham", it gets more palatable. An overview of the standalone Northern Scandinavia map in beta stage. At roughly the same time, the cod fishing gained momentum. The 269 metres (883 ft) Mollisfossen waterfall in Nordreisa is the highest waterfall in the north, while Målselvfossen is Norway's national waterfall. Its toothy-edged western coastline is a jagged expanse of (over 50,000) islands and dozens of long, deeply indented fjords; the most significant of which include Baknafjord, Geirangerfjord, Hardangerfjord, Moldefjord, Sognefjord, Trondheimfjord and Vestfjord. ... / Eco tours in Northern Norway. The region is multi-cultural, housing not just Norwegians but also the indigenous Sami people, Norwegian Finns (known as Kvens, distinct from the "Forest Finns" of Southern Norway) and Russian populations (mostly in Kirkenes). A more particular kind of fish is "gammelsei", saithe that has been conserved for a year or more. Further north, halfway to the North Pole, is the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, traditionally not regarded as part of Northern Norway. None of the aforementioned are distinctly Northern Norwegian foods, however, but are popular throughout Norway. 8/22/2020. Norway is a rugged land of elevated plateaus, deep forested valleys and a few remaining ice age glaciers, including Folgefonna, Hardangerjokulen and Jostedalsbreen - the largest glacier on the continental Europe landmass. Originally, Pite Sami and Ume Sami were spoken around Bodø, but these dialects are now extinct on the Norwegian side of the border. Most fish is served plainly poached, only accompanied by boiled potatoes, carrots and possibly fried bacon. The highest point in Norway (as marked on the map by a yellow triangle) is Galdhøpiggen, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft). Many wild plants were used for medical purposes or as spices, such as Garden Angelica, but this has become rare in modern times. Northern Norway (Bokmål: Nord-Norge, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈnûːrˌnɔrɡə], Nynorsk: Nord-Noreg; Northern Sami: Davvi-Norga) is a geographical region of Norway, consisting of the two northernmost counties Nordland and Troms og Finnmark, in total about 35% of the Norwegian mainland. The Northern Norwegian Cup was a football tournament played from 1929 to 1969. Experience the Aurora Borealis. Book it. County. No other parts of Norway experience such large differences in lowland summer temperatures in such a relatively short distance. In a comprehensive administrative reorganisation, Norway's 19 counties have become 11. The most windy city in Northern Norway is Bodø with on average 153 days/year with strong breeze or more and 24 days with gale-force winds, while Vardø, also lacking shelter, sees 136 days of strong breeze or more and 18 days with gale. Very few first language Finnish speakers remain in Northern Norway, and unlike Northern Sami, the Finnish language lacks a core region where it is still dominant in daily life. Finnmark is the northernmost part of mainland Europe, as well as the easternmost part of Norway. [9], Traditionally, northerners regarded shellfish and prawns as bait, but lately they have developed a taste for it, and the freshest and most succulent prawns and shellfish are easily obtainable all along the coast. [These new divisions have been reorganised and been implemented by the Norwegian Storting (Parliament), with effect from 1st January, 2020]. Northern lights from the beach at Mjelle Beach in Northern Norway. km on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Bioforsk, with research in terrestrial effects of climate and subarctic agriculture, has branches in four places in Northern Norway – Tromsø, Bodø, Tjøtta and Svanhovd in Sør-Varanger. The inland is covered by Finnmarksvidda, a relatively barren plateau about 300 to 400 metres (980 to 1,310 ft) high, with many lakes and rivers like Alta-Kautokeino and Tana/Deatnu. The Norwegian language dominates in most of the area; Sami speakers are mainly found inland and in some of the fjord areas of Nordland, Troms and particularly Finnmark – though ethnic Sámi who do not speak the language are found more or less everywhere in the region. It all depends on travelers’ interests. Meet Norway's new regional map, as of January 2020. In 1979, the building of a hydro-electric dam in Alta caused huge demonstrations, giving the Sami question national attention for virtually the first time. Some of the largest towns in Northern Norway (from south to north) are Mo i Rana, Bodø, Narvik, Harstad, Tromsø and Alta. Explore The Northern Fjords holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. The country has an elongated shape with a highly rugged coastline. The Tromsø Midnight Sun Marathon is a marathon race held under midnight sun. Norway is a northern European country covering an area of 385,207 sq. A complete day by day itinerary based on your preferences. Oslo is also an important maritime industries and trading center in Europe. Northern Norway, located at the very northern periphery of Europe, has seen great improvements in communications in recent decades. It is bounded by the Barents Sea in the north, the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea in the west and the Skagerrak (Skager Strait) in the south. In the far northeast above the Arctic Circle, frozen arctic tundra dominates the landscape, from Vardo, south and west. There are smaller airports with regional flights near most towns. At Nordkapp the midnight sun can be seen from 11 May to 31 July, and the sun does not rise above the horizon from 19 November to 22 January. In areas of Finnmark, the dialects are somewhat more in line with standard written Norwegian (Bokmål, Nynorsk), particularly in those areas where Norwegian was primarily introduced by the school system as part of the assimilation process during the 20th century. Map of northern Norway published by Freytag & Berndt. Wild berries have long traditions in the local cuisine, and the most sought after is the cloudberry, used in marmalade, desserts and cakes. The nature of the co-existence is hotly debated. Some islands, like Træna and Røst, have average temperatures of approximately 1 °C (34 °F) in their coldest months. Finnmark Finnmark is Norway 's northernmost county, well within the Arctic circle. On 27 May, Bodø was bombed by German planes, and on 7 June, the Allies retreated from the North, and the King and government fled to Britain from Tromsø. The warm climate in coastal areas, relative to other locations at the same latitude, is by many attributed to the relatively warm North Atlantic Current, an extension of the Gulf Stream. The most windy location in continental Norway (apart from mountain summits) is Fruholmen Lighthouse ([8]) in Måsøy not far from the North Cape. The older plantations are now producing lumber, 80 years after planted.[1]. In 1789, the trade monopoly of the city of Bergen was lifted, Hammerfest and Vardø were issued their city charters, and Tromsø followed suit in 1794. This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Coastal and fjord areas of Northern Norway have much in common with Western Norway, sometimes imagined in cultural terms as a shared "coastal identity". Mild westerlies are still much more common in most winters. Foods with dairy as an important ingredient include waffles, pancakes and rømmegrøt (sour-cream porridge), the latter always served with sugar and cinnamon. Northern Sami is an official language (in addition to Norwegian) in the municipalities of Gáivuotna (Kåfjord), Kautokeino, Karasjok, Porsanger, Tana and Nesseby. [7] After the introduction (and somewhat later acceptance) of potatoes from the Americas, these became a main staple in much of Northern Norway, as well as many other parts of Norway. Map of Northern Norway area hotels: Locate Northern Norway hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Moderate Avg. These counties are further subdivided into 356 municipalities. Northern Norway is more and more in wind (also literally), and even I love the part I was born and raised in. Finnmark is situated north of northernmost Finland, and to the east Norway has a 196 kilometres (122 mi) border with Russia. The coldest temperature recorded is −51.4 °C (−60.5 °F) in Karasjok, and the warmest recorded is 35 °C (95 °F) at Mosjøen Airport on July 27, 2019. Inland Finnmark is the only large area with less than 450 millimetres (18 in) precipitation/year. [5] In addition to fishing, each family traditionally had a small farm with a few cows (see Pietro Querinis shipwrecked at Røst in 1432[6]), sheep or goats (goats being preferred in many places due to their superior adaptation to the rough and mountainous terrain found in much of Northern Norway) and had small grain fields (mostly barley). [10] In later years, the large Red king crab has invaded Norwegian waters from the east and, having reached west to Hammerfest, are now served in the finest restaurants. Dried cod was exported through Bergen to the whole Hanseatic world, bringing prosperity to the north. Finnish is spoken in only a few communities in the east of Finnmark. However, 150 kilometres (93 mi) to the south, in the Pasvik valley south of Kirkenes, the 24 July-hr average is 14 °C (57 °F). The voyage and story of Ottar from Hålogaland was recorded by the king of England. Northern Norway during the polar night is therefore your best bet for experiencing the northern lights. Activities. Located in the northwest of Oslofjord and surrounded by forested hills is, Oslo – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Norway. Our destinations. The Arctic Race of Norway is a cycling road race of the UCI Europe Tour held since 2013. Hunting has been important ever since the stone age, and the comparatively large areas of sparsely settled valleys, fells and mountains still hold wildlife. Climbing up to elevations of around 2000m, and blanketed with snow for much of the winter, these remote uplands are famous for their hiking: some of Norway's most fabled peaks are located here, including the lofty summit of Snøhetta, the highest point in central Norway. The use of kitchen gardens is limited by climatic factors, but still has a long history in the southern half of the region. The growing season varies from 180 days at Vega, Brønnøysund and Røst to less than 120 days in Finnmarksvidda and the Varanger Peninsula. The Vesterålen islands consist of smaller and bigger islands with a huge variation in landscape. Finnmark county has fjords and glaciers in the far southwest, and the northwestern coasts are characterized by big islands, like Sørøya and Seiland. This is reflected in the numerous pieces of imported church art from the late Middle Ages. It is situated 350km within the Arctic Circle and is the largest urban area in northern Norway. In alphabetical order, the regions are: Agder, Innlandet, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Oslo, Rogaland, Troms og Finnmark, Trondelag, Vestfold og Telemark, Vestlandet and Viken. Refine your trip. It is the largest county in Norway by area but the smallest by inhabitants. In Tromsø, average temperatures stays below freezing for 5 months – statistically from 10 November to 10 April (based on 1961–90 average, more recent years have tended to be somewhat warmer). Shark meat has traditionally not been used as food, even if some can grow nearly 10 metres (33 ft) long. Bodø is one of the southernmost places in Norway to view the Northern Lights The best vantage point when visiting Bodø for seeing them is Mount Rønvik, just 3 kilometers from the city. There are reportedly over 150,000 (counted) lakes, most quite small, with the largest being Lake Mjosa. Helgeland does not have true midnight sun, but the upper part of the sun disc never descends below the horizon as far south as Mosjøen in June. There is also some archeological evidence of Bronze Age agricultural settlements about 2,500 years old, as in Steigen and Sømna. The traditional view is that these were refugees escaping famine and warfare at home, although modern scholars have pointed out that many were simply looking for their own piece of land, which was getting scarce in Finland as a result of rapid population growth. Only the interior areas of Finnmark – like Karasjok – tend to be wettest in summer. Before the last ice age ended about 10,000 years ago, Norway was covered by a thick ice sheet. Precipitation occur in all seasons, usually as snow in winter, although often as rain on the Nordland coast. Up Norway – tailored journeys. Norway’s parliament has implemented the country's most comprehensive administrative reform since 1662. 2006–2010, "Grain cultivated in Lofoten 4,000 years ago", "Stockfish trade with Europe, Britain 1,100 years ago", "Research: Does diet influence the taste of lamb meat", Berries and other food traditionally collected in nature in Norway, "Forskning.no Rips (redcurrant in Norway", http://www.yr.no/climate_Bodø/detailed_statistics.html, "http://www.yr.no/Skrova/detailed_statistics.html", http://www.yr.no/Målselv/Bardufoss/detailed_statistics.html, Iron Age boat construction in Northern Norway, Spildra – a small isolated Island in the middle of Northern Norway, known for its 8,000 years of continuous settlement, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northern_Norway&oldid=991281269, CS1 Norwegian Bokmål-language sources (nb), Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nynorsk-language text, Articles containing Northern Sami-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2013, Articles with Norwegian-language sources (no), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 06:49. The rail network was extended to reach Bodø in 1961. The northern part of central Norway is where things turn really high and wild. Northern Norway. Norway is a Northern European country located on the western half of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The two ethnic groups traded with each other, and there seems to have been quite a lot of intermarriage. Even at this latitude, pine forests grow naturally in lowland areas inland. Agriculture gradually becomes less important as a food source as one moves further north, and in the northern half (north of Balsfjord/Tromsø area) was usually of minor importance and certainly less important than fishing or Sami reindeer nomadic pastoralism. Transportation was also improved, as airports were built throughout the area, notably in Bodø in 1952 and Tromsø in 1964. Snow accumulation in the mountains can exceed 3 metres (9.8 ft), and this abundance of snow is the reason for the numerous glaciers – more than 500, mostly in Nordland and Troms. score 14,305. Rhubarb and redcurrant has been used for more than 100 years; redcurrant also grows naturally in much of the region,[16] blackcurrant is also common in gardens. Fresh seal meat is served at the end of the hunting season in spring, and Tromsø is the place to look for it. There were numerous wars with the republic of Novgorod in Russia at the time, that stopped by the late 15th century. Go hiking, fishing and skiing in areas like Lofoten, Helgeland and Vesterålen. The question of the ethnic identity of the Stone Age cultures is politically charged, as many Sami feel the uncertainty surrounding the earliest settlers in Northern Norway is being used to question their status as an indigenous people. As observed on the physical map of Norway, the country is highly mountainous and has a heavily indented coastline. In the summer, the coalfish, or saithe, bites, and fresh saithe is often served on the beach, boiled in seawater over an open fire, or fried (typically the smaller coalfish). The road network connects virtually all villages and towns, the most important roads are the E6, E10, E8. The Aurora Borealis can be seen in the whole area from autumn to mid-April, after which it gets too bright to observe the Aurora. Northern Norway has an endless and very rugged coastline, yet landscape varies from incredible jagged island mountains to endless open plateaus. Mølja, boiled codfish with liver and roe, is a delicacy that today is served in the best restaurants. We have reviews of the best places to see in Northern Norway… Brønnøysund experiences on average 63 days/year with strong breeze (22 knots) or more, and 18 of these days reach gale-force winds or more (34 knots, data from Leka just south of Brønnøysund, source met.no). Home to both the midnight sun (with constant daylight from April to July) and the northern lights, North Norway is a rugged land of steep mountains, deep fjords and scenic coastline, making it a great place for outdoor adventures like dog sledding, snowmobiling and wildlife safaris. [18] | As you travel north from Nordfjord, a web of deep, craggy fjords bites into the coastline, creating a myriad of islets and inlets along the coastline, and etching out some truly breathtaking scenery. Towns with fewer than 30,000 inhabitants, ranked by population: Towns with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants, ranked by population: There are settlements larger than Vardø which are not included in the list as they have not been granted or applied for township (such as Rognan, Løding, Andenes, Setermoen and Skjervøy). A similar law is on the way for Nordland and Troms. This detailed map of Norway extends from Cape North to Steinkjer (north to south), and includes the area of Narvik. In the winter, the codfish comes to the coastal waters to spawn, especially to the cod fisheries of Lofoten. Other popular wild berries are bilberries, lingonberry, raspberry (southern half of region, also cultivated in some private gardens), and there are also a number of less well known berries used for food. Reindeer filets have become more popular in high-end restaurants in recent years, but the price can be prohibitive as the reindeer industry is shielded from market forces by the Norwegian government (in essence, it is treated as a vital component of Sami culture, rather than a competitive industry, which means there is little pressure to actually sell the meat products). Even today, these dialects have southern characteristics in intonation and vocabulary. Inland Finnmark, as in Karasjok, average temperatures remain below freezing for 7 months (October–April). The Northern Norwegian dialects share a common, musical intonation, different from the southern dialects of Norway. Troms county has surprising greenery for the latitude, and the inner waterways and fjords are lined with birch forests, and further inland there are extensive pine forests and highlands around the rivers Målselva and Reisaelva. It is the administrative, cultural, industrial and economic center of the country. Tromsø, partly sheltered by large islands, experiences on average 27 days/year with strong breeze, and 1 day with gale, and Bardufoss sees on average only 11 days with strong breeze or more and scarcely ever experiences gale. Norway is a northern European country covering an area of 385,207 sq. In the latest decades consumption has increased in correspondence with increased salmon fish farming; smoked salmon is very popular, often on open sandwiches, alone or together with boiled or scrambled eggs or salad. [19][20], There are large climatic differences from southwest to northeast in this region. Situated in a river valley, Karasjok only experiences on average 1 day/year with strong breeze (22 knots) or more, and virtually never sees gale-force winds. This is based on a 30-year average (1961–1990) for each day of the year; even Vardø will on occasions experience summer days. In 1944, the German Wehrmacht started to retreat from the Murmansk front. Get a personalized trip. Interrupted by the British blockade of the Napoleonic wars, this introduced a period of unprecedented growth in the north as the trade monopoly had previously made cities nonviable in Northern Norway. Inland valleys and sheltered fjord areas—particularly if sheltered by mountains—are much less windy. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Sami is spoken in three main dialects (or languages, depending on the definition): Southern Sami south of the Arctic Circle, Lule Sami mainly between Bodø and Narvik, and Northern Sami in the rest. Winters in the far north may be harsh, but skiers and dog-sledders are hardy The population was forcibly evacuated, although a third of them chose to hide in the wilderness instead. All who were found were shot. In 1972 and 1994, the strong anti-EU movements of the north, largely based on concerns over EU (mis)management of its own fish stocks, were instrumental when Norway voted against EU membership in referendums. This is not to suggest that no prejudices remain, however. Autumn tend to be the wettest season in most areas, often receiving more than twice as much precipitation as does spring and early summer. Northern Norway Tourist Board Phone: +47 901 77 500: Bodø Office Tollbugata 13, Bodø P.O.Box 434, 8001 Bodø Norway: Tromsø Office Storgata 69, Tromsø P.O.Box 23, 9251 Tromsø Norway: Alta Office Markedsgata 3 P.O.Box 1163, 9504 Alta Norway This region of Norway was the area most affected by World War II. The Sami language was banned in schools, churches and in public administration. Before the last ice age ended about 10,000 years ago, Norway was covered by a thick ice sheet. Northern Norway is a geographical region of Norway, consisting of the two northernmost counties Nordland and Troms og Finnmark, in total about 35% of the Norwegian mainland. 1,074 Explored this map. Lofoten is a chain of peaks that jut out of the ocean. The Hurtigruten shipping line, introduced in 1893, gave quicker communications with the south. Northern Norway is often described as the land of the midnight sun and the land of the northern lights. At the same time, the ethnic diversity of the area came under threat. Eastern Sami was originally spoken in Neiden, close to Kirkenes, but it is more or less extinct. The land of the midnight sun offers 24 hours of daylight during the summer, so travelers can hike or fish whatever the hour. 2020's top churches and cathedrals in Northern Norway include Trondenes Church, Hammerfest Church + Northern Lights Cathedral. Fjord Tours – experience Norway in a nutshell® with one ticket. People of Finnish descent in these eastern areas are also typically more likely to consider themselves as "Finnish Norwegians" rather than Kvens, arguing that the term Kven represents an attempt to cut them off from their Finnish roots. In basketball, the BLNO has featured the Tromsø Storm and Harstad Vikings. 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