A year later, Sister Mary Teresa traveled on to Darjeeling, India, for the novitiate period; in May 1931, she made her First Profession of Vows. Mother Teresa was a Roman Catholic nun, who worked in India but was born in Albania. On December 17, 2015, Pope Francis issued a decree that recognized a second miracle attributed to Mother Teresa, clearing the way for her to be canonized as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. Queen Elizabeth was the Queen consort of King George VI until his death in 1952. Share this article: THE FAMED Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary, Mother Teresa, passed away on September 5, 1997 from heart disease, after some six decades of holy work. Pope Francis led the canonization mass, which was held in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. Mother Teresa (1910–1997) was a Roman Catholic nun who devoted her life to serving the poor and destitute around the world. The modest nun became known all over the world, and … Being inspired by her activities, contribution, and dedication, people all over the world revere this universal Roman Catholic nun from the core of heart. Mother Teresa was the emblem of kindness, benevolence, mercy, care, forgiveness, and philanthropic activities. Mother Teresa, in full St. Teresa of Calcutta, also called St. In particular, she has drawn criticism for her vocal endorsement of some of the Catholic Church's more controversial doctrines, such as opposition to contraception and abortion. Pope John Paul II made history in 1978 by becoming the first non-Italian pope in more than 400 years. Here are ten facts about the Missionaries of Charity: 1. In 1995, she publicly advocated a "no" vote in the Irish referendum to end the country's constitutional ban on divorce and remarriage. The work of Catholic nun and missionary Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, commonly known as Mother Teresa and from 2016 as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, received mixed reactions from prominent people, governments and organizations.Her practices, and those of the Missionaries of Charity, the order which she founded, were subject to … Sister Teresa learned to speak both Bengali and Hindi fluently as she taught geography and history and dedicated herself to alleviating the girls' poverty through education. In December 2015, Pope Francis recognized a second miracle attributed to Mother Teresa, clearing the way for her to be canonized on September 4, 2016. Mother Teresa of Calcutta: 19 facts about the world-famous nun and missionary. In 2002, the Vatican recognized a miracle involving an Indian woman named Monica Besra, who said she was cured of an abdominal tumor through Mother Teresa's intercession on the one-year anniversary of her death in 1998. In 2003, the publication of Mother Teresa’s private correspondence caused a wholesale re-evaluation of her life by revealing the crisis of faith she suffered for most of the last 50 years of her life. Mother Teresa never sought to convert people to Catholicism she used to encounter. At the time she accepted her Nobel Prize for Peace Mother Teresa claimed to have helped about 36,000 people in Calcutta, the reality is that the Missionaries of Charity have helped about 5-700 people. Mother Teresa was born on 26 August 1910 in Skopje, North Macedonia - a country to the east of Albania and north of Greece - although she was called Gonxha Agnes at the time. By citizenship, an Indian. Nun and missionary Mother Teresa, known in the Catholic church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, devoted her life to caring for the sick and poor. I hope this article on fun facts about Mother Teresa was worth reading, Your email address will not be published. In this article, I am going to share some of the fun facts about Mother Teresa. Mother Jones was a union activist. She is considered to be the greatest humanitarian to have ever lived in the 20th century. She is revered all over the world for her benevolence and philanthropic activities and has always been a reservoir of inspirations for all the grey-matters of this living … Mother Teresa was the emblem of kindness, benevolence, mercy, care, forgiveness, and philanthropic activities. Namely, St. Teresa’s legacy will be wrapped up in the religious order which she founded. After receiving the prize, Mother Teresa was asked: “What can we do to promote world peace?” Mother Teresa replied, “Go home and love your family.”. Being inspired by her activities, contribution, and dedication, people all over the world revere this universal Roman Catholic nun from the core of heart. She later received other Indian awards, including the Bharat Ratna (India's highest civilian award) in 1980. Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church in March 2013, becoming Pope Francis. Mother Teresa was born on August 26th, 1910 in Skopje, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire. For her unwavering commitment to aiding those most in need, Mother Teresa stands out as one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century. Mother Teresa, born Anjeze Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. Mother Teresa was born in Uskub, Ottoman Empire on August 26, 1910. Mother Teresa was fluent and could speak five languages in no time. She used to visit the family to know about the needs of the children in order to help them as and when needed. She could converse in English, Albanian, Serbo-Croat, Bengali, and Hindi during her lifetime. As the ranks of her congregation swelled and donations poured in from around India and across the globe, the scope of Mother Teresa's charitable activities expanded exponentially. Mother Teresa quickly translated her calling into concrete actions to help the city's poor. Pope Francis declared her a saint, yet noted, in a ceremony at St. Peter’s Square, “With great spontaneity, I think we will continue to call her Mother Teresa.”. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. She founded a new sisterhood, Missionaries of Charity. 28 Mother Teresa Facts for Kids Mother Teresa was a nun and missionary for the Roman Catholic Church. It was there that she took the name Sister Mary Teresa after Saint Thérèse of Lisieux. The way she left behind was still open and tempting, but Teresa was hard and determined to move on to her goal. In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her work "in bringing help to suffering humanity.". Mother Teresa celebrated 27 August to be her real birthday as on that day she was baptized. By Kingkongphoto-wikimedia Mother Teresa is known for her missionary work in helping the poor. They are responsible for homes and hospices for those with tuberculosis, leprosy and … "Give me the strength to be ever the light of their lives, so that I may lead them at last to you," she wrote in prayer. Teresa’s first mission in the slum was to teach the poor children with basic learning in order to educate them, by keeping her earlier teaching experience in mind. Mother Teresa (born Skopje,North Macedonia), 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was a Roman Catholic nun who started the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her work with people. Mother Teresa's first miracle was curing a woman with a lump growing in her abdomen. In 1985, Mother Teresa returned to New York and spoke at the 40th anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly. Her father’s name was Nikollë Bojaxhiu and his mother’s name was Dranafile Bojaxhiu. The Pope spoke about Mother Teresa’s life of service in the homily. The words “Mother Teresa” are modern-shorthand for things like “good,” “kind-hearted,” and “selfless.” Unfortunately, the real Mother Teresa was an authoritarian crook who palled around with some of the most despicable men of her day. Born in Macedonia to parents of Albanian-descent and having taught in India for 17 years, Mother Teresa experienced her "call within a call" in 1946. She is best known for her moral support to the British people during WWII and her longevity. Mother Teresa is one of the most revered figures of the 20th century, yet few people know the true story behind her remarkable life. She is also known as the founder of the only Catholic religious order still growing in membership. Here are some facts about Mother Teresa. Teresa's official biography, by Navin Chawla, was published in 1992. She was born in Skopje, which is now the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. Mother Teresa and her helpers built homes for orphans, nursing homes for lepers and hospices for the terminally ill in Calcutta. In late 2003, she was beatified, the third step toward possible sainthood. While such revelations are shocking considering her public image, they have also made Mother Teresa a more relatable and human figure to all those who experience doubt in their beliefs. At the age of 18 in 1928, Agnes Bojaxhiu headed to Ireland in order to join the Sisters of Loreto in Dublin in order to be a nun. The most scathing criticism of Mother Teresa can be found in Christopher Hitchens' book The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, in which Hitchens argued that Mother Teresa glorified poverty for her own ends and provided a justification for the preservation of institutions and beliefs that sustained widespread poverty. 4. She made her voice heard before the powers of this world, so that they might recognize their guilt for the crime of poverty they created. Mother Teresa had several nationalities during her lifetime: Yugoslavian, Ottoman, Indian. Mother Teresa was born to ethnic Albanian parents on August 26, 1910 in Skopje, now the capital of Macedonia, and named Gonxha Agnes Bojaxhiu. It was 1948 when she moved to a small rented hovel in the slums so that she could start work that she had desired since her childhood. Top 10 Facts You Did Not Know About Mother Teresa. She is famous for helping the poor, the starving and other unfortunate people. It was founded over 65 years ago! The Whole Bushel. In Calcutta, (now, Kolkata) India, Mother Teresa (she was named Sister Teresa at this stage) started her career as a history and geography teacher at a high school named St. Mary’s in order to teach rich daughters. Rather, she decided to start a new life in the slum with the poor, distressed, and underprivileged society. “After due deliberation and frequent prayer for divine assistance, and having sought the counsel of many of our brother bishops, we declare and define Blessed Teresa of Calcutta to be a saint, and we enroll her among the saints, decreeing that she is to be venerated as such by the whole church,” Pope Francis said in Latin. 1. Required fields are marked *. Mother Teresa (1910–1997) was a Roman Catholic nun who devoted her life to serving the poor and destitute around the world. Agnes attended a convent-run primary school and then a state-run secondary school. https://www.biography.com/religious-figure/mother-teresa. She considered 27 August to be her real birthday as it was the day she was baptized. After six months of basic medical training, she voyaged for the first time into Calcutta's slums with no more specific a goal than to aid "the unwanted, the unloved, the uncared for.". Deeply religious, she became a nun at the age of 16, joining the Loreto abbey in Ireland. On September 4, 2016, Pope Francis canonized Blessed Mother Teresa! Over the course of the 1950s and 1960s, she established a leper colony, an orphanage, a nursing home, a family clinic and a string of mobile health clinics. By 1950, Teresa initiated a volunteering charity in order to support extensively “the hungry, the naked, the homeless, the crippled, the blind, the lepers, all those people who feel unwanted, unloved, uncared for throughout society, people that have become a burden to the society and are shunned by everyone.”. "May she be your model of holiness.". In fact, Teresa had to sacrifice a life of comparative comfort and secured yearning. Mother Teresa's organization also engaged in aid work in other parts of the world. On September 10, 1946, Mother Teresa experienced a second calling, the "call within a call" that would forever transform her life. In 1919, when Mother Teresa — then Agnes — was only eight years old, her father suddenly fell ill and died. Mother Teresa was canonized on September 4, 2016, after being beatified in 2003. Who Was Mother Teresa? Rather, she desired to bring people closer to the Almighty, so that they understood God. Since Mother Teresa had taken a vow of obedience, she could not leave her convent without official permission. As a dear friend of fellow saint, St. John Paul II, Mother Teresa leaves behind a legacy of faith, hope, and of charity. ”Mother Teresa, in all aspects of her life, was a generous dispenser of divine mercy, making herself available for everyone through her welcome and defense of human life, those unborn and those abandoned and discarded," he said. Mother Teresa, original name Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, (baptized August 27, 1910, Skopje, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire [now in Republic of North Macedonia]—died September 5, 1997, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India; canonized September 4, 2016; feast day September … In 1971, Mother Teresa traveled to New York City to open her first American-based house of charity, and in the summer of 1982, she secretly went to Beirut, Lebanon, where she crossed between Christian East Beirut and Muslim West Beirut to aid children of both faiths. Benedict XVI served as pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013. And, she never saw or met them again during the rest of her life although she lived till 87 years of age. 1) Mother Teresa was born in North Macedonia on 26 August 1910. While the doctor tried to keep her away from her work due to deteriorated physical condition after he fourth heart attach, Mother Teresa said ‘I can’t breathe’ (because I am out of my work). After several years of deteriorating health, including heart, lung and kidney problems, Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997, at the age of 87. Mother Teresa is most well-known for her charity work across the globe. While the cause of his death remains unknown, many have speculated that political enemies poisoned him. Mother Teresa restlessly kept going with her work to help the poor for the rest of her life and led her Missionaries of Charity till several months earlier, her death Sept. 5, 1997. Teresa’s lifelong goal was infused in her childhood from her mother who was a pious and kind-hearted woman. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Teresa refused the traditional Nobel honor banquet, with a request for the awarded budget $192,000 to help the destitute of India. 30. Her father was a contractor, employed in a successful … Tens of thousands of Catholics and pilgrims from around the world attended the canonization to celebrate the woman who had been called “the saint of the gutters” during her lifetime because of her charitable work with the poor. Mother Teresa continued to teach at Saint Mary's, and in 1944 she became the school's principal. 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