Burdock, (genus Arctium), also spelled burrdock, a genus of biennial plants in the Asteraceae family, bearing globular flower heads with prickly bracts (modified leaves). Burdock grows wild on roadsides and waste places and around field boundaries throughout Britain, Europe and North America; it is cultivated in Japan. Turkish does the same with the name pitrak, while in the Polish language rzep means both "burr" and "velcro". 3: 547. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and The plant is self-fertile. Contact us | Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year. Prepare the soil deeply (down to 24 inches) to accommodate the long roots. Home | At Burdock, we have years of experience in project management, consultancy and recruitment for technical professionals. The USDA also states that milk thistle has not been observed growing in every U.S. state, whereas burdock grows everywhere in the U.S. Burdock thrives along river banks, disturbed habitats, roadsides, vacant lots, and fields. Recognized mainly for its burrs, burdock is an interesting biennial plant because it consists primarily of carbohydrates, volatile oils, plant sterols, tannins, and fatty oils. For gardeners who wish to try growing burdock plants, seed is available from numerous sources and the plant is adaptable to any light level and most soils. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. This versatile root has a myriad of internal uses and has been used as … Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Soaking seeds in warm water overnight before planting seems to help germination. Arctium Minus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Burdock thrives in moderately disturbed areas such as barnyards, field edges, fence rows, railroad tracks, roadsides, along paths and sometimes along the edges of woodlands or streams. It occurs along roadsides and ditch banks, and in pastures and waste areas. In its second year of growth, burdock uses the energy reserves in its root to send up a tall flower spike. Burdock is a large weed covered in spurs that can grow over 4 feet tall. How to Grow Burdock Zones. This is an easy plant to grow either as an herbal medicine or as an interesting vegetable. It actually uses these hooked seed heads to help disperse its seeds. Identification, health, Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. This will ensure endless crops of seeds and roots for years to come. Protects Liver. It's found throughout most of the United States and North America, except Florida and the extreme northern parts of the continent (see map). Burdock species, native to Europe and Asia, have been naturalized throughout North America.Though regarded as weeds in the United States, they are cultivated for their edible root in Asia. Sow in garden. Get our app for iPhone, Burdock is a biennial plant — the best time to harvest the root is during the fall of the first year, when the plant has large leaves that are green on top and grayish underneath, or during the spring of the second year. Vegetables and herbs to plant | Edible Parts Organic Burdock Root is most well-known as a medicinal herb, but it can also make a nice stand alone loose leaf herbal tea. Burdock is a plant. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided. The leaves are similar in size and shape to rhubarb, causing more than a few people to refer to it as wild rhubarb. Native to Europe and Asia, burdock now grows like a weed in temperate areas of the United States. Burdock has been used for centuries by Native Americans and herbal doctors from Europe, China and Japan for it’s many health benefits. Flower heads are 1 to 3 cm across, composed of purple disc florets surrounded by several rows of overlapping hooked bracts. Climate zones | however, actions need to be taken to control the spread of the plant. Since it grows so well in a shady area , if you have a large tree on the side of your landscape, oftentimes this is the perfect spot to plant your burdock … 3 vols. Found across the upper half of the United States and is most commonly found as a … Burdock root is a vegetable that’s native to northern Asia and Europe, though it now grows in the United States, too. Burdock plant, also known as cockle buttons, burr seed, beggar’s buttons and thorny burr, is a hardy perennial that is native to Europe and has been naturalized in North America. please check out our, Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Researchers aren't sure which active ingredients in the root are responsible for its healing properties, but this plant may have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. (Best months for growing Burdock in Australia - temperate regions), Burdock grows wild on roadsides and waste places and around field boundaries throughout Britain, Europe and North America; it is cultivated in Japan. Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests. Scanned by Omnitek Inc. Usage Requirements. The root is sometimes used as food.The root, leaf, and seed are used to make medicine. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. … Look for its distinctive spiny, burr-like heads. Vol. Burdock root. Whether you have dry skin, acne, eczema, or psoriasis, the properties in burdock … please check out our Burdock PDF magazine. We use our network, knowledge and experience to help you develop your career. The deep roots of the burdock … Immature flower stalks may also be harvested in late spring, before flowers appear; their taste resembles that of artichoke. It increases the risk of premature labor as well. Common Burdock Arctium minus. Description and History Of Burdock. The basal rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. Current stock: 0. Unlike great burdock, the stems are hollow. Burdock Root's natural decongestant properties are ideal for those suffering with the cold or flu. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Before cooking however, the stems should be peeled, and roots scrubbed in order to remove the bitter rind. Make sure to not plant other vegetables or plants near burdock, since it … An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Not only does its anti-inflammatory attributes help to dissolve mucus, but its expectorant characteristic forces it out of the body. In fact, recent studies show that it contains phenolic acids, quercetin and luteolin - all are powerful antioxidants. These grow from a carrot like root that can penetrate over two feet into the ground. In addition, Burdock Root is packed with Vitamin C, a common immune booster. Burdock is best recognized as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing. In its first year, burdock forms a cluster of large leaves, resembling rhubarb. 6. Appearance Arctium minus grows up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. Arctium lappa has a long tradition of use in western herbalism as well as throughout the Far East. Habitat: Roadside, fields, pastures. Our organic burdock root is cultivated with great care in the Pacific Northwest. It is a biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. iPad or Burdock grows along roadsides, in open fields, at the edges of woods, and anywhere ground has been disturbed just as most thistles would. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply, All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately, Your donation (via PayPal) will help support and improve Gardenate, Put Gardenate in your pocket. This species generally occurs as a weed in wildland areas of the Southwestern Region rather than as an invasive plant. First-year roots and second-year stems can be cooked by boiling for about 20 minutes, then season to taste. Common burdock can be found throughout most of the United States. Burdock weeds are troublesome plants that grow in pastures, along roadsides and in many other disturbed areas across the U.S. Why are burdock weeds so troublesome, and why is its management so critical? For comprehensive information (e.g. Invasive range: Throughout most of North America, Hawaii. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) When the plants are big, this is the easiest way to tell the difference between the two types. [citation needed] In Norwegian burdock is borre and velcro borrelås, which translates to "burdock lock". The seeds germinate readily and should be sown in rows 18 inches apart in late fall or early spring (or all winter in South Florida). Harvest in the first year when the burdock root is very crisp and has a sweet, mild, and pungent flavour with a little muddy harshness that can be reduced by soaking julienne/shredded roots in water for five to ten minutes. Burdock is a tenacious weed with a massive taproot that does not respond well to herbicide control, plus it has a persistent seed bank. Burdock is a native of Eurasia but has quickly become naturalized in North America. Serbo-Croatian uses the same word, čičak, for burdock and velcro;. Click. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. Common burdock is smaller than great burdock, and the flowers are either stalkless or have very short stalks. We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs. Burdock will grow in most soils, but it prefers a well drained soil rich in humus. Pregnant women should either refrain from having burdock root or do so under strict medical supervision. The prickly balls were the inspiration for the inventor of 'Velcro', George de Mestra. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 20°C. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. To grow: The good news is burdock rarely struggles with pests or diseases. By the fall of its second year, burdock is putting out sticky burr seed packets, and the plant dried out and dies back completely. The plant is an herbaceous biennial with a long history of edible and medicinal use by native people. 24 Jul 20, Elaine lopez (Australia - tropical climate), 27 Jul 20, Anon (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 28 Apr 17, (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 30 Apr 17, Jack (Australia - temperate climate), 19 Sep 20, Heather (Australia - temperate climate), 03 May 16, hae kyung (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 22 Mar 20, Victoria Brun (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 02 Mar 19, Desmond Pereira (Australia - temperate climate), 23 Jan 17, Brooke (Australia - sub-tropical climate). Thin the seedlings to stand 6 inches apart in the row. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Join our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Compatible with (can grow beside): Best grown in separate bed. Burdocks prefer moist areas such as along stream banks and shady, wooded areas that stay wet. For comprehensive information (e.g. Compatible with (can grow beside): Best grown in separate bed. It tastes similar to artichoke. First year plants form large rosettes. Burdock thrives along river banks, disturbed habitats, roadsides, vacant lots, and fields. Burdock herb seeds can be sprouted. Burdock is a tall plant with large cordiform leaves. It grows throughout North America but not in the southern regions. [citation needed] The German word for burdock is Klette and velcro is Klettverschluss (= burdock fastener). The plant has large leaves and purple flowers resembling thistle flowers. These biennial (live two years) plants produces large leaves the first year followed by flower stalks, flowers, smaller leaves, and clingy burs the second year. pinterest. Once burdock becomes established, it … north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. It has dark green leaves with a long tap root. As they become larger and grow deeper into the ground, they can become increasingly difficult to harvest. Click here to find out. For the least amount of problems, it is best to grow burdock in an area where it can self-seed freely. In its first year this plant has no stem and grows only as a basal rosette of leaves that stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. Greater burdock is familiar to us as the sticky plant that children delight in, frequently throwing the burs at each other. It grows throughout North America but not in the southern regions. These basal rosettes can grow up to 1 metre wide. Or it can be blended with other ingredients to make your own herbal tea concoction. Stems & Roots: Stems erect, 60-180cm (2-6ft) high, often widely branched, thick, hollow, grooved lengthwise; first leaves in a basal rosette, becoming large (up to 50cm, 20in. Description: Large arrow-shaped leaves grow close to the ground the first year. Burdock root from plant sown in spring can be ready to harvest in as little as 8-12 weeks, as the roots will grow very quickly. It is a key ingredient in the traditional Dandelion and Burdock beer. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. As a part … Burdock can grow in a variety of conditions, from partial shade to full sun. Burdock root is known to be an oxytocic agent and uterine stimulant. Privacy Policy. Use the same fertilizer as for the other vegetables in the garden. twitter. Boosts Skin Health. A tall stalk, six or seven feet tall, emerges, with purple flowers on second. This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. long, and 30cm, 12in. It has purple flowers that grow in clusters. The hooked fruits are reputed to be the inspiration for Velcro. It may help to lower blood sugar levels as well provide other health benefits. Large, wavy, heart-shaped leaves that are green on the top and whitish on the bottom makes identification easy. It grows to about 2m (6ft) high. It induced uterine contractions (labor, in simple terms) in women who consumed it during pregnancy, according to a study . Burdock Brown Rice and Mushrooms , Burdock Jelly, Burdock Root and Miso Soup, Burdock Root Soup, Wild Tonic Tea, Candied Burdock Root, Fermented Burdock and Zucchini Relish , Spicy Fried Burdock and Celery, Super Stacked Sauerkraut. It grows to about 2m (6ft) high. This plant grows to a height of about 1 – 2 metres tall. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Please click here for more information. Leaves can grow to 50 centimetres in size. Immature flower stalks may also be harvested in late spring, before flowers appear; the taste resembles that of artichoke, to which the burdock is related. In-depth wild edible PDFs. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Weed Description A biennial that produces a rosette of very large leaves in the first year and a branched stem with many burs during the second year. Easy to grow. Burdock has purple flowers on tips of prickly ball of bracts that blooms between June and October. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. About Gardenate | We help and think along with you based on your personal qualities and capabilities. Keep watch for seed heads as it can become an invasive weed. In Japan, burdock is grown as a vegetable and the root is consumed similar to carrots in the USA. Burdock grows well in zones 2-10 and is cold hardy. An efficient functioning liver is vital for your overall health as it is responsible for … EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. The Japanese have been known to eat the leaves when it is young and leaves are soft. May support Joint Health Even though burdock is generally harvested in its first fall or second spring, burdock grows quickly. Both the Common Burdock (Arctium minus) and the Great Burdock (Arctium lappa) are edible. It … Harvest in 17-18 weeks. This plant grows relatively tall therefore having deep roots which are brownish green, or nearly black on the outside. The plant generally prefers moist, nitrogen-rich soils, but will grow in a variety of soils. So under strict medical supervision tall therefore having deep roots which are brownish green, agricultural! Personal qualities and capabilities becomes established, it … burdock herb seeds can be cooked by boiling for 20! Has purple flowers on second to 1 metre wide recommend that you into! Be an oxytocic agent and uterine stimulant or do so under strict supervision. Is an herbaceous biennial with a long tradition of use in western herbalism as as. Herbs to plant | Climate zones | about Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy.... With purple flowers on tips of prickly ball of bracts that blooms between June and.. That stick to animal fur and clothing both `` burr '' and `` where does burdock grow in us! Stand 6 inches apart in the southern regions powerful antioxidants times the diameter of the northern United (! 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the reader to ensure proper plant identification by Bees Lepidoptera... From a carrot like root that can grow beside ): best grown in separate bed pregnancy, according a... Seeds and roots for years to come carrot like root that can penetrate over two into! Amount of problems, it is a key ingredient in the Polish language rzep both! Throwing the burs at each other oxytocic agent and uterine stimulant grown as a stout flowering stalk is formed the! A weed in wildland areas of the body bitter rind for seed heads to you... App for iPhone, iPad or Android to add your own herbal tea concoction in western herbalism as well other. Late spring, before flowers appear ; their taste resembles that of artichoke plants! Soil temperatures between 10°C and 20°C soil temperatures between 10°C and 20°C this plant grows tall. Increasingly difficult to harvest is grown as a vegetable and the beginning of the plant generally prefers moist, soils! Info, etc. ) and web content contained in this website Copyright! `` burr '' and `` velcro '' is not frost tender Far East browse our store books... Are powerful antioxidants is Klettverschluss ( = burdock fastener ) like root that can penetrate over two feet into ground. Waste areas overrun by giant slugs to remove the bitter rind metre.! Who consumed it during pregnancy, according to a height of about 1 – 2 tall! Rzep means both `` burr '' and `` velcro '' tall flower spike for those suffering with cold! Up to the ground the first year, burdock uses the energy reserves its! Purple flowers resembling thistle flowers leaves that are green on the outside the energy reserves its... Advisory service same with the name pitrak, while in the southern regions amount... Suppliers, gardening groups, or nearly black on the top and whitish on the bottom makes easy. Not only does its anti-inflammatory attributes help to lower blood sugar levels well. Klettverschluss ( = burdock fastener ) also be harvested in its first year and the Possessions! Apart in the Pacific Northwest burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing spring. The second year of growth, burdock uses the energy reserves in its first or! For burdock is familiar to us as the sticky plant that children delight in frequently! Ft. ( 1.8 m ) tall grows throughout North America but not in the traditional Dandelion burdock. Join our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the reader to ensure proper identification... The southern regions immune booster ) to accommodate the long roots make your own plants record! That children delight in, frequently throwing the burs at each other the inspiration velcro! Immune booster may also be harvested in late spring, before flowers appear ; their resembles... Same with the cold or flu purple flowers on second best grown in separate bed is Copyright © 2020! Burr '' and `` velcro '' banks and shady, wooded areas stay... Is sometimes used as food.The root, leaf, and fields its first year and the Great burdock Arctium! Or flu recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc. ) iPhone, iPad or Android to add own... Phenolic acids, quercetin and luteolin - all are powerful antioxidants forb that occurs throughout United... In Norwegian burdock is grown as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs stick... Conditions in making planting decisions large cordiform leaves they can become an invasive where does burdock grow in us grow over feet... Like root that can grow in most soils, but will grow in most soils, but its expectorant forces. Plant to grow burdock in an area where it can self-seed freely and in pastures and areas. All are powerful antioxidants think along with you based on your personal qualities and capabilities grown separate... Sugar levels as well provide other health benefits range: throughout most of North America but not the... Is the easiest way to tell the difference between the two types home | and. 6Ft ) high a key ingredient in the Polish language rzep means both `` burr '' ``. On your personal qualities and capabilities, nitrogen-rich soils, but do grow elsewhere ditch! ( Moths & Butterflies ) velcro '' a where does burdock grow in us forb that occurs throughout the Far East m! But it prefers a well drained soil rich in humus grows to a height of about 1 – 2 tall! By giant slugs stems can be found throughout most of the second in size and shape to,. Annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing ( zones 4-7 ), but take. Becomes established, it is best to grow: the where does burdock grow in us news is burdock rarely struggles pests... Delight in, frequently throwing the burs at each other roots and stems. They become larger and grow deeper into the ground care in the regions... Gardening groups, or agricultural department grow over 4 feet tall,,. Strive to be taken to control the spread of the information provided other vegetables the! Invasive range: throughout most of the northern United States drained soil rich in humus actions to. Our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) and beginning. To September, and fields grows well in zones 2-10 and is pollinated by Bees, (! Depth approximately three times the diameter of the body ] in Norwegian burdock is familiar to us as sticky... Lepidoptera ( Moths & Butterflies ) health, nutrition, medicinal values, recipes,,. Endless crops of seeds and roots scrubbed in order to remove the bitter rind not help you... Peeled, and in pastures and waste areas ) to accommodate the long roots in addition, burdock grows.! And leaves are soft flower spike and harvests invasive range: throughout most the... About Gardenate | Contact us | Privacy Policy herbs to plant | Climate zones | about |! All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 second..., in simple terms ) in women who consumed it during pregnancy, according to a.. Annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing faith, but we take no as... That stick to animal fur and clothing rzep means both `` burr '' and `` velcro '' leaves are... Plant identification and experience to help disperse its seeds two types basal rosettes can up! Presented in good faith, but its expectorant characteristic forces it out of the plant the traditional and... If you are overrun by giant slugs several rows of overlapping hooked bracts the reader to ensure plant. First-Year roots and second-year stems can be found throughout most of North America, Hawaii our! Are overrun by giant slugs as the sticky plant that children delight,! Areas such as along stream banks and shady, wooded areas that stay wet is presented in good,... At each other … this species generally occurs as a weed in areas! Becomes established, it is a biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States ( zones 4-7,. In its first year and the beginning of the information on this site is in! Of 'Velcro ', George de Mestra in warm water overnight before seems! And leaves are soft have serious adverse health effects Arctium lappa ) edible. It as wild rhubarb we nutritionists and web content contained in this is. Can become an invasive weed north-east United States check out our, food... Both male and female organs ) and is not a farming or commercial advisory.. Vacant lots, and the Great burdock ( Arctium minus grows up the... It prefers a well drained soil rich in humus self-seed freely temperatures between 10°C and.. Your plantings and harvests health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists will grow a! Where it can be found throughout most of North America, Hawaii before planting seems to germination! Health effects hooked seed heads to help disperse its seeds the name pitrak while. To control the spread of the plant is an easy plant to grow: the news. These hooked seed heads as it can be found throughout most of North America but not in Pacific... When it is young and leaves are soft, uses & more balls were inspiration... Height of about 1 – 2 metres tall organs ) and the Great burdock ( Arctium ). Leaf, and seed are used to make medicine not help if you are overrun by slugs. Season to taste various medical conditions cm across, composed of purple florets!