Though Austria is largely known for producing outstanding white wines, more than one-third of the country’s vineyards, or nearly 39,000 acres, are planted to red grapes. Adulteration of products with DEG has led to thousands of deaths worldwide since the first recorded case: the Elixir sulfanilamide incident in 1937. Although small in size Austria produces some of the finest wines in the world, not widely available online these wines are select gems. [8] The findings immediately made headlines in West German media, and from there were cabled out throughout the world. Many of the contaminated wines weren't from the Austrian wineries that did their own bottling and labeling but the middle-men that sent purchased wine to the big bottlers like Pieroth, a German wine company with over 300 years of history that had $230 million in sales in 1984. The Austrian Wine Poisoning | Down the Rabbit Hole; Politics . “Mr. Some countries like Switzerland and France confiscated thousands of bottles, and Japan introduced a ban on the import and sale of all Austrian wines on July 29, 1985, and in many other countries Austrian wines were removed from shelves by wine dealers. Damn informative! New; 7:32. At home and around the world, more people are buying Austrian wine, proven by a record-breaking year of sales in 2018. [3], In West Germany, following a lengthy investigation, six former leading employees of the wholesale dealer and bottler Pieroth were sentenced to fines of one million Deutsche Marks by the Landgericht in Koblenz in April 1996. ... Lead poisoning from homemade wine: a case study., Environmental Health Perspectives, 10.1289/ehp.01109433, 109, 4, (433-435), (2001). "Wine with brats: I would pour a fairly fruit driven Austrian Gruner Veltliner, something that has a pretty rich stone fruit component with smoky, white pepper notes. I'd give anything to be in that MIT lecture hall. Thus, the production of wines at higher Prädikat levels tends to vary from year to year depending on vintage conditions, and all wines with higher designations sell at a premium price. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/fredrikknudsen. There are many good red wine brands making ripping Pinots in Australia, and they can be made in so many marvellous ways. Austria is a small country by wine-making standards, it accounts for less than 1% of a total world wine production with 46,000 hectares planted overall. The poisonings occurred in the … It seems that the facts may have become slightly distorted after 33 years. I'm surprised the poisoning of children's juice got glanced over. What made the 1985 finds very different was that a toxic compound had been used, and subsequent sampling indicated that a significant number of different bottlings were part of this dangerous adulteration scheme. Drink wine with food and water. A number of people involved in the scandal were sentenced to prison or heavy fines in Austria and West Germany. The long-term effect was that the Austrian wine industry focused their production on other wine types than previously, primarily dry white wines instead of sweet wines, and increasingly targeted a higher market segment, but it took the Austrian wine industry over a decade to recover. As a consequence of the scandal, a total of 27,000,000 litres of wine (corresponding to 36 million bottles or seven months' worth of Austria's total wine exports at the pre-1985 level) had to be destroyed by the West German authorities, which had confiscated or otherwise collected the wine. However, it's best to avoid green-colored skin or potatoes that taste bitter (both signs of high solanine content). That's comical. [6], The wine scandal has been the subject of many satirical references to Austrian wine, both inside Austria, in Germany and beyond, and lasting long after 1985. Four thousand years of winemaking history counted for little after the "antifreeze scandal" of 1985, when it was revealed that some wine brokers had been adulterating their wines with diethylene glycol. Also, long-term consumption of DEG is known to damage the kidney, liver and brain. The 1985 diethylene glycol wine scandal was an incident in which several Austrian wineries illegally adulterated their wines using the toxic substance diethylene glycol (a primary ingredient in some brands of antifreeze) to make the wines appear sweeter and more full-bodied in the style of late harvest wines. Austria’s wine regions are influenced by Atlantic airstreams from the west, by the continental climate of the Hungarian Plain to the east, and by the Mediterranean to the south. [4], DEG was otherwise used as an industrial chemical or as antifreeze, although ethylene glycol is more common for that application. [3][4] The Austrian wines exported to West Germany were of a similar style to those produced by West Germany itself, meaning semi-sweet and sweet white wines. Even things that I initially didn't find interesting based off the title, I end up enjoying. Not named PR? He's now on episode 22. There is an early episode of the Simpsons where Bart goes on exchange to France and ends up at a dodgy vineyard where he ends up exposing to the police that antifreeze is being added to the wine. Austrian Wine is Not What You Expect. “Shortly after both dropped to the floor,” The Vancouver World reported the next day. [10] It thus took the Austrian wine industry fifteen years to regain its former position in terms of export volume, despite optimistic predictions from some quarters in Austria that it would all be forgotten in other countries in one year's time. I love these rabbit holes. [11], A stricter wine law was enacted by the Parliament of Austria on August 29, 1985. [8] Many of the adulterated wines were found to originate in Wagram in Lower Austria, where a consulting wine chemist was prosecuted. [citation needed], "Scandal over poisoned wine embitters village in Austria", "Adulterated wine: "Nice round and oily" (in German)", https://www.simpsonsarchive.com/episodes/7G13.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1985_diethylene_glycol_wine_scandal&oldid=995894575, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 13:17. April 24, 2020. Buy half bottles (or decant half the wine into an empty half bottle. [14][15], British rock band Half Man Half Biscuit reference the scandal in the song "RSVP" from their 2011 album 90 Bisodol (Crimond). There is an early episode of the Simpsons where Bart goes on exchange to France and ends up at a dodgy vineyard where he ends up exposing to the police that antifreeze is being added to the wine. While we strive to provide only good links to good and accurate athentic websites, we have no command or control over the wesites content and changes of these sites. He puts a lot of work into his research and covers some unique topics. [8], Many other legal actions took place over the coming years in West Germany. [5] Most of the recalled wines contained up to a few grams of DEG per litre (and many only a fraction of a gram), which meant that dozens of bottles would have to be consumed in a limited period of time to reach the lethal dose of approximately 40 grams. That's a hell of a rabbit hole alright. Press J to jump to the feed. After watching this episode of down the rabbit hole the subject of this episode seems like the inspiration for that episode of the Simpsons. On July 9, the Federal Ministry of Health in Bonn issued an official health warning against the consumption of Austrian wines. 10 years for a decade of retards. Fredrik Knudsen is a treasure. Finally, he put out a new video! German wine chemists have stated that it is unlikely that an individual winemaker of a small winery had sufficient chemical knowledge to devise the scheme, implying that the recipe must have been drawn up by a knowledgeable wine chemist consulting for a large-scale producer. The case went through all three tiers of the administrative courts, and was finally settled on October 18, 1990, when the Federal Administrative Court of Germany ruled against Pieroth and found that Geißler had the right to issue the list.[12]. The Austrian Wine Poisoning | Down the Rabbit Hole - YouTube [8] Having seen the immediate collapse of wine exports, the Austrian government rushed this legislation through parliament in order for it to be in effect before the 1985 harvest. The best place for video content of all kinds. Many of the cheap sweet wines exported from Austria were blends from different grape varieties, and several of them did not carry any varietal designations, in contrast to the more expensive Prädikat wines of West Germany, which often were produced from Riesling grapes. The scandal was uncovered by wine laboratories performing quality controls on wines sold in West Germany, and immediately made headlines around the world. Check out this channel's video on the Mouse Utopia. "Most wine companies, when I mention arsenic and wine in the same sentence, literally almost hung up the phone on me," he said. Develop a taste for German and Austrian wines which can be as low as 7% ABV. tl;dw. 16.6m members in the Documentaries community. From our website, you can visit other websites by following hyperlinks to such external sites. Oh yeah. Pieroth fought a legal action in the administrative courts in order to try to establish that the Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health, Heiner Geißler (CDU) had exceeded his authority when his ministry had issued a blacklist containing all wines that had been found to contain DEG, and naming the bottler in each case. The traditional sweet wines of West Germany and Austria are produced from late harvest grapes, some of them affected by noble rot, and labelled in a hierarchy of Prädikat designations from Kabinett to Trockenbeerenauslese, depending on the ripeness of the grapes. 31. Some Austrian exporters had entered into long-term contracts with supermarket chains to supply large quantities of wine at a specified quality level in terms of Prädikat. However, much of these Austrian wines were focused on the low cost segment, and were priced lower than German wines at the corresponding level of sweetness.[1]. Heidler Thal Vineyard Kamptal, Austria 2012 is a good example. [6], In The Simpsons season 1 episode "The Crepes of Wrath", a reference to the scandal is made when two Frenchmen whom Bart is staying with are arrested after putting antifreeze in wine and making Bart drink it. TIL. Reddit; Wechat; Abstract. The deaths of Napoleon Bonaparte, Simon Bolivar, King George III, King Faisal I and other prominent figures have been attributed to arsenic poisoning, the … Currently on part 35. At these facilities, some Austrian wines were illegally blended into German wines by the importers, resulting in diethylene glycol ending up in some bulk-bottled West German wines as well.[2]. My recent article about the Austrian wine scandal attracted a response from a friend of mine who runs a wine school in Austria. I've dug into the Chris Chan mythos in the past and always found the guy just... fascinating in the strangest way. As soon as the phrase "antifreeze wine" was uttered I immediately remembered that episode. The scandal destroyed the market for Austrian wine … The affected wines were immediately withdrawn from the market. Speaking of which, the ongoing chris chan docuseries by geno samuel is one hell of a watch as well. I sent my brother the first episode mostly as a joke seeing as it's 40 minutes long. About 30% of the wines are red, made from Blaufränkisch, Pinot noir and locally bred varieties such as Zweigelt. CBS News. Protecting Yourself Against Solanine Poisoning Potatoes are nutritious and delicious, so you shouldn't avoid eating them just because the plant contains a natural defensive chemical. During the mid-1980s, a discovery is made about Austria’s wine that threatens to destroy the country’s entire industry. As the sweet wines were more favoured at the time of the scandal than they have been in the 1990s and 2000s, and since the Prädikat designations were almost universally recognized throughout the German-speaking countries, a cheap Auslese or Beerenauslese was often identified as a "bargain" by many German consumers. During the mid-1980s, a discovery is made about Austria’s wine that threatens to destroy the country’s entire industry. Propaganda departments was still a thing in the 80's? Not until 2001 did the export volume, at just over 50 million liters, match the old level. I'm all caught up on the Geno doc awaiting the next part! ProbeComposer 5 views. This Austrian-brand was even one of the first to introduce hand-crafted and mouth-blown functional glasses to the market, according to Shira Tsiddon, sommelier at The Norman Hotel in Tel Aviv. I really like this guy’s channel. Shortly after the scandal, the Styrian bard Volker Schöbitz composed a polka under the rhyming title Zum Wohl, Glykol - "Cheers, glycol". In April 2003, 16 members of Gustaf Adolph Evangelical Lutheran Church in the small farming community of New Sweden, Maine, fell gravely ill after a meeting where they'd had coffee brewed in an urn. It is believed that when this led to insufficient quantities of wine being available to fulfill the contracts, some producers started to search for methods, including illegal ones, to "correct" the wines. It will keep nicely for a few days). Today, we lean towards an Australian red wine that is a bit more muscular than your typical Pinot. The Austrian Wine Poisoning | Down the Rabbit Hole. [7] The first prison sentence, of one and a half years, followed in mid-October. However, in one record-setting wine (a 1981 Welschriesling Beerenauslese from Burgenland) 48 grams per litre was detected, which meant that the consumption of a single bottle could have been lethal. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. [13] Thus, the legal status of the blacklist was a crucial element in the many contract disputes. (at around 18 minutes) I wonder if this is why grape juice is not a common thing in Ireland (and a lot of Europe). [1] Many of these Austrian wines were exported to West Germany, some of them in bulk to be bottled at large-scale West German bottling facilities. There is a distinctive tension common to all these wines which should be emphasised, based on seven factors. Austrian wines are mostly dry white wines, though some sweeter white wines are also produced. Nevertheless, in terms of quality and value Austrian wine is notable versus its more famous competitors in Europe such as Burgundy and Italy. [3], In the weeks following the breaking of the scandal, several dozens of wine producers and wine dealers were arrested by Austrian authorities. The 1985 diethylene glycol wine scandal was an incident in which several Austrian wineries illegally adulterated their wines using the toxic substance diethylene glycol (a primary ingredient in some brands of antifreeze) to make the wines appear sweeter and more full-bodied in the style of late harvest wines. dry, etc), as well as the official Federal Inspection Number and name of the producer or bottler.. Austria’s wines come from the eastern part of the country, where the Alps recede into hills. Hell yeah, thanks for reminding me of this channel. Share. At the levels of ripeness that were reached, the wines would be less sweet, less full-bodied and more acidic. They can be complex and spicy, elegant and floral or even just juicy and smashable; their versatility makes them one of the best Australian red wines you can buy. Lead intoxication has been reported to occur as a consequence of nonoccupational exposure, the source being mostly the leaching of lead from fluid containers in domestic use. Apparently these producers ran into problems in some weak vintages, where much of the grape harvest did not reach sufficient ripeness levels. It's one thing of adults drink themselves to retardation, but kids? Share. Ryan Probert - One (Live in Birmingham) - … After watching this episode of down the rabbit hole the subject of this episode seems like the inspiration for that episode of the Simpsons. On Nov. 12, 1905, Thomas Jackson shared a Sunday morning beer with his wife, Teresa. I honestly love the range of topics the DTRH series covers, from Cults in Oregon to the ongoing misadventures of Chris chan. The Austrian Wine Poisoning | Down the Rabbit Hole. [3], By itself, simple sweetening (also illegal) would not necessarily do the job, since it would not sufficiently correct the taste profile of the wine. Please read the sidebar below for our rules. The wine label must contain the following information; origin, variety, vintage, quality designation, alcohol content by volume, reference to its residual sugars (i.e. [1], From mid-July onwards, it was almost impossible to sell Austrian wine on any export market. [4][7] Domestic wine fraud involving illegal sweetening had occurred earlier in West Germany, and had led to investigations and prosecution of the winemakers involved. Gene Ray's time cube will always be my favorite. By using diethylene glycol (DEG), it was possible to affect both the impression of sweetness and the body of the wine. Pin. Wine poisoning is a very dangerous condition, the treatment of which should ideally be performed by specialists. Austria’s wines are now highly prized both by wine experts and wine lovers all around the world. According to a press release from the Austrian Wine … April 25, 2020 admin documentary. Austria makes less than one percent of all the wine in the world —about 28 million cases a year. Pieroth's actions, which did not earn the company any sympathy with the public, were probably not meant as a measure to allow the further selling of adulterated wine, but as an attempt to put Pieroth in a position to recover money from customers who had refused to pay their outstanding bills following the scandal. In the end, the wine was destroyed by being poured into the ovens of a cement plant as a cooling agent instead of water. Just like most red wines worldwide, sticking to your native grape doesn’t necessarily lead to the very best wine. Don’t force yourself to finish the whole bottle. Gustaf Adolph Evangelical Church in New Sweden, Maine. One of the best youtube documentaries I've seen constantly engaging and something I've never heard of, very high stakes, very well done. Doing this in an environmentally acceptable way proved to be something of a challenge, because DEG was incompatible with sewage treatment plants. Many of these Austrian wines were exported to West Germany, some … Tweet. Other courts had ruled in civil law proceedings that deliveries of wines found to contain DEG were a form of non-fulfillment of a purchase contract that removed any obligation to pay, but that customers still had to pay if they only suspected that a wine contained DEG, and the wine was subsequently cleared of suspicion. The Truth About Bottled Water Industry (2020) - The story of how actors and celebrities get into the plastic bottled water industry and relentlessly promoting it to make more money which is causing a huge environmental disaster. Austria is home to a thoroughly unique wine industry that, even once you get beyond the country’s most famous wine, Grüner Veltliner, is among the most delicious in … [9], From a pre-1985 level of around 45 million liters per year, exports immediately fell to one-tenth, or around 4.4 million liters in 1986. Overview of Austrian Wine Production. One vintage plagued by these problems in Austria was 1982. I had honestly never known of this before. The next step, he said, was to supply the data to a law firm. 1985 diethylene glycol wine scandal. Here is a copy of Pepi’s email. "—Mark Mendoza (Coi / … Most of the wines come from small wineries. The wine is a potent palm liquor distilled from coconut sap with an alcohol content of up to 40% to 45% by volume. One of the convicted Wagram winemakers, Karl Grill, proprietor of Firma Gebrüder Grill, committed suicide after being sentenced. We are delighted that you have chosen to visit our Austrian wine website. Austria’s proximity to Germany means that many people assume the wines are similar, but they’re not. Savour the wine. GruV, an acidic white grape characteristically described by white pepper, green apple and citrus. Although sweet reserve (blending a wine with its own must) was allowed for the production of semi-sweet wines, no external sources of sugar were allowed for any wines with a Prädikat designation. The product of these influences is an early spring followed by a long growing season that is warm and dry – so dry that vineyards on rocky soils require irrigation. At the time of the scandal, West Germany was the most important export market for Austrian wine and had been so for a number of years, with an increasing trend. More tannins, more mouthfeel, and a longer finish; so… The short-term effect of the scandal was a complete collapse of Austrian wine exports and a total loss of reputation of the entire Austrian wine industry, with significant adverse effects on the reputation of German wines as well. Crossref. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. [1][6], The first wine discovered to contain DEG was a 1983 Ruster Auslese from a supermarket in Stuttgart, analysed on June 27, 1985. New Sweden, Maine Church Poisoning: Arsenic. In past years, Austrian wines have been lumped in with their neighbors Germany and Alsace, but recently the Austrian Wine industry has taken America by storm, gaining headway with its most popular grape: Grüner Veltliner a.k.a. Ryan Probert - Down the Rabbit Hole - Feelin' un-owl (The Austrian Wine Poisoning) - Duration: 7:32. Have a few dry days in the week. We have chosen a few of these for you to browse through in our online wine shop. 0 Shares. [8] They stayed at approximately the same level until 1989, and were slightly higher in 1990–97, but still well below pre-1985 levels. Sorry what? Therefore, unlike cases of simple sweetening, the 1985 DEG findings immediately took the proportion of a full-scale scandal requiring action by federal authorities in both West Germany and Austria. [3] The industry's practice of DEG adulteration was traced back to Otto Nadrasky, an 58-year-old chemist and wine consultant from Grafenwörth, Lower Austria. An Auckland Hello Fresh customer says he is disappointed in the meal kit provider’s “terrible” customer service after he discovered plastic in its mince. One of Fredrik Knudsen's best, The end is also spot on, Austrian wine is radically better because of the scandal than it once was. [8] Glykol was also announced to be the 1985 Word of the Year in Germany. Much stricter wine laws were also enacted by Austria. Buy the best you can. 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